TABLE OF SONGS BY A. N. WHITTEN
Harp of Ages by A. N. Whitten, 1925-1946
13 How Sweet to Die Words & Music by Whitten
“In Memory of Eld. S. A. Pain, and his last words, “O how sweet to die.”
36 Struggle On Alto by A. N. Whitten
51 Peaceful Slumber, 1924 Words & Music by Whitten
52 Beyond Arr. by A. N. Whitten
55 Remembers Arr. by A. N. Whitten
57 Better Farther On, 1924 Words & Music by Whitten
61 It Must Have Been At Easter Time Long Ago Music by A. N. Whitten
“Sent in by A. N. Whitten to the Dublin Progress
“Copyright, 1946, by A. N. Whitten
“(The Model Church)”
63 I Would See Jesus Alto by A. N. Whitten
65½ Parting, When Langour and Disease Invade Music by A. N. Whitten
73 Dear Mother Words & Music by Whitten
74 No Vacant Seats in Heaven Harmony by Whitten
Soprano by Mrs. J. B. Edwards
“P. S. Composed by Mrs. J. B. Edwards. After hearing a sermon preached
by Elder E. C. Mahurin.”
75 All Hail the Power of Jesus’ Name Music by A. N. Whitten
92 Rees Alto by A. N. Whitten
93 Through the Shadow, 1925 Music by A. N. Whitten
97 I’d Like to See Beyond the Vail Music by A. N. Whitten
TABLE OF SONGS BY A. N. WHITTEN (continued)
106 The Loved Ones Alto by A. N. Whitten
121 Leaning on Jesus’ Breast Arr. by A. N. Whitten
126 I’m Going O’er Home, O Wonderful Trip Arr. by A. N. Whitten
“Composed by Mrs. J. B. Edwards and dedicated to A. N. Whitten and Elder S. F. Moore”
127 From the Heavenly Choir Words & Music by Whitten
129 Christ Our King, 1924 Words & Music by Whitten
135 I’ll Shout and Sing Music by A. N. Whitten
147 New Jerusalem Arr. by A. N. Whitten, 1925
157 We’ll Cross the River of Jordan Arr. by A. N. Whitten
170A Your Office is a Sacred Trust Words by Len Dalton, Music by A. N. Whitten
172 Oh, Jesus, My Saviour Music by A. N. Whitten
175 There’ll Be No More Goodbyes Words & Music by Whitten
187 When the Evening Shadows Gather Music by A. N. Whitten
“Dedicated to C. R. Brannen, Houston, Texas”
188 Morning Meditation Harmony, A. N. Whitten; Soprano by Gilbert Dalton
191 Where Jesus is Will Be Heaven for Me Arr. by A. N. Whitten
61 Leave Me Not Alone (removed 1946) Arr. by A. N. Whitten
Harp of Ages credits Whitten as the composer of 16 tunes.
Harp of Ages credits Whitten as the composer of alto for 4 tunes.
Harp of Ages credits Whitten as the arranger or harmonizer of 10 tunes.
Harp of Ages credits Whitten as the author or arranger of 7 texts.
Parting, When Langour and Disease Invade and How Sweet to Die are the same tune.
TABLE OF SONGS BY A. N. WHITTEN (continued)
The Good Old Songs by C. H. Cayce, 1913-14
17 The Loved Ones Alto
56 I Would See Jesus Alto
243 Still Better Alto
259 Can I Leave You Alto
273 Struggle On Alto
274 New Harmony Alto
401 Thou Art Passing Away Alto
416 Fight On Arranged Alto
429 Rees Alto
450 New Hosanna Arranged Alto
The Good Old Songs credits Whitten as the composer of alto for 8 tunes.
The Good Old Songs credits Whitten as the arranger of alto on 2 tunes.
4 of these songs are also in Harp of Ages:
The Loved Ones, I Would See Jesus, Struggle On, and Rees
Still Better is in Harp of Ages, but there with Minnie Floyd’s alto.
All songs attributed to A. N. Whitten are not original compositions. They fall within the common practice of older shape note publications. Nineteenth century tune book compilers did not have consistently applied standards for tune or text attributions. The concept of authorship in the older shape note traditions such as Sacred Harp (in which Whitten was steeped) is adequately ambiguous, so that it supplies a spectrum of meaning. It may be used, then, of original compositions, transcriptions (and harmonization) of orally transmitted songs, as well as arrangements of existing songs.
William Walker described this process in his preface to The Southern Harmony, writing, “I have composed the parts to a great many good airs, (which I could not find in any publication, nor in manuscript,) and assigned my name as author.” In his Union Harmony, William Caldwell explained, “Many of the tunes over which the name of the Subscriber is set are not entirely original, but he has harmonised, and therefore claims them.” Comparing Whitten’s use of attributions throughout his book seems to indicate that “arranged” meant arrangements of harmony parts or tunes that he found in printed sources. The other attributions, then, probably refer to both original compositions and existing songs that he wrote down which were not based on a printed source.
Listing A. N. Whitten as the arranger of I’m Going O’er Home, O Wonderful Trip (126) is my interpretation of the information supplied on the page. Underneath the title is “Composed by Mrs. J. B. Edwards and dedicated to A. N. Whitten and Elder S. F. Moore. A. N. Whitten, owner. All rights reserved.” To the left the author of the poetry is “Mrs. J. B. Edwards.” To the right the composer of the tune is “A. N. Whitten.” This is open to several interpretations. By “composer,” Whitten may have only meant that Mrs. Edwards “composed” the words of the song. This is certainly an allowable use of the word, though in music “composer” most often refers to the person who wrote the tune. This may well be an original composition by Whitten, but I have chosen the more cautious interpretation of naming him as the arranger. Other songs need to be inspected carefully for small details that may alter the understanding of Whitten’s attributions.
Combining the information in Harp of Ages and The Good Old Songs and then removing the duplicates, the extent of A. N. Whitten’s known contributions to the field of song is as follows:
Fifteen tunes are credited to Whitten (16 if I’m Going O’er Home is added).
Eight alto parts are credited to Whitten.
Two arrangements of alto parts are credited to Whitten.
Ten arrangements/harmonizations are credited to Whitten (9 if I’m Going O’er Home is removed).
Seven texts (whether authored or arranged) are credited to Whitten.