I like to dabble in poems and hymns from time to time (though more of mine might be called doggerel than poetry). I also look at lots of hymns as companions to tunes that I write. So “rhyme” is something that intrigues me, though not one of the subjects of which I know that much. The definitions of types of rhyme (below) are not original me, but gleaned from Types of Rhyme and Rhyme Glossary Terms.
End rhymes are the most common – the rhyming occurs at the final syllables or final words of a line.
Eye rhymes are words that look like rhymes when spelled, but are not when pronounced. An example of eye rhymes – words that look the same but which are actually pronounced differently – “bough” and “rough”.
Identical rhymes is the technique of simply using the same word twice. The same word is identical in sound and in sense, and can be used in rhyming positions.
Internal rhymes are the rhyming of two words within the same line of poetry. In other words, when a word from the middle of a line is rhymed with a word at the end of the line.
Rich rhyme is using two different words that happen to sound the same, that is, homonyms. “Earn” and “erne” are rich rhymes.
Slant rhymes are rhymes in which two words share just a vowel sound (assonance – e.g. “heart” and “star”) or in which they share just a consonant sound (consonance – e.g. “milk” and “walk”). Slant rhyme is also called imperfect rhyme, partial rhyme, near rhyme, half rhyme, off-rhyme, or apophany.
In addition to these, there is defining rhyme based on stress:
Feminine rhyme is the rhyming of one or more unstressed syllables, such as “dicing” and “enticing.
Masculine rhyme describes those rhymes ending in a stressed syllable, such as “hells” and “bells.”