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Tuesday, September 01, 2020

Beza, Revelation 16:5

Notes I am saving on Revelation 16:5
And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.

Theodore Beza Novum Testamentum. 4th folio edition. Geneva, 1598
16:5 και ηκουσα του αγγελου των υδατων λεγοντος δικαιος κυριε ει ο ων και ο ην και ο εσομενος οτι ταυτα εκρινας

Stephanos, 1550:
16:5 και ηκουσα του αγγελου των υδατων λεγοντος δικαιος κυριε ει ο ων και ο ην και ο οσιος οτι ταυτα εκρινας

Greek Orthodox, 1904
16:5 Καὶ ἤκουσα τοῦ ἀγγέλου τῶν ὑδάτων λέγοντος· δίκαιος εἶ, ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν, ὁ ὅσιος, ὅτι ταῦτα ἔκρινας·

UBS, 1975
16:5 καὶ ἤκουσα τοῦ ἀγγέλου τῶν ὑδάτων λέγοντος, Δίκαιος εἶ, ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν, ὁ ὅσιος, ὅτι ταῦτα ἔκρινας,

This KJV reading is based on Theodore Beza’s 1598 edition of the Textus Receptus.  Critics, however, raise issue with the reading “and shalt be” (και ο εσομενος) because it does not appear in any existing manuscript.  Existing manuscripts read “holy one” (και οσιος), “that holy one” (ο οσιος) or “and holy one” (και οσιος).  For example, Revelation 16:5 in the Nestle-Aland 26 based NASB Update reads:

“And I heard the angel of the waters saying, ‘Righteous are You, who are and who were, O Holy One, because You judged these things;’”

Beza and Revelation 16:5 -- “This KJV reading of Revelation 16:5 is based on Theodore Beza's 1598 edition of the Textus Receptus.”

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