...when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down...
The vineyard is Israel, which brought forth these "wild grapes":
- Greed and self-promotion: join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth
- Pleasure and self-indulgence: rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them...they regard not the work of the Lord
- Presumption and rash defiance: draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope: That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it
- Perversion and self-vindication: call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness
- Pride and self-satisfaction: wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight
- Power and false judicature: are mighty to drink wine...Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him
- Verses 13-16 Therefore...
- Verses 24-30 Therefore...
Cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?
self-promotion: the action of promoting or publicizing oneself, especially in a forceful way.
self-indulgence: indulging one's own desires, passions, whims, etc., especially without restraint.
rash defiance: a hasty, daring or bold resistance to authority.
self-vindication: defense or justification of one's thoughts or behavior.
self-satisfaction: excessive satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements; smug complacency.
false judicature: partisan administration of justice.