Charles Curtis “Carl” McIntire, Jr. was born on May 17, 1906 in the manse of the First Presbyterian Church of Ypsilanti, Michigan where his father was pastor. Dr. McIntire either founded or was an integral part of the Bible Presbyterian denomination in 1938, the American Council of Christian Churches, the International Council of Christian Churches, the Independent Board of Presbyterian Home and Foreign Missions, Faith Theological Seminary, and the Christian Beacon, a weekly newspaper. His radio broadcast was called the Twentieth Century Reformation Hour. Dr. McIntire went to be with the Lord on March 19, 2002.
Graduating from Park College, Parkville, Missouri, in 1927, McIntire attended Princeton University seminary, where he was a devoted student of J. Gresham Machen. When Machen and a group of conservatives left Princeton to form Westminster in 1929, McIntire followed them and graduated from Westminster in 1931. McIntire as an ordained minister of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. until he was defrocked by his presbytery in 1935 for his involvement in the conservatives’ Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions. [He was tried for “refusing to obey an order of the Presbyterian General Assembly than he resign from an Independent Board for Foreign Missions which was set up in opposition to the official board.”]
In 1936 McIntire joined Machen in the newly founded church that eventually became known as the Orthodox Presbyterian Church. Three years later, however, McIntire led a group that separated to form the Bible Presbyterian Church. In 1941 McIntire founded the American Council of Churches as a counter to the Federal Council of Churches (later National Council of Churches), which he considered too liberal.
Carl McIntire was a staunch supporter of the King James Bible, but not to the extent that nothing could ever be changed. He accepted the possibility of a faithful update of its words:
The Bible belongs to all the people of God. The King James Version has its position in the Christian world simply because it has commended itself universally to Christian people. Woven into the hearts and memories of millions, it must continue to have first place in the English-speaking world until the day when a faithful translation, honoring the Hebrew and Greek text and including the changes in meaning of the few English words, may be forthcoming.In the early 1950s, McIntire and the American Council of Churches led the charge against the Revised Standard Version, which, most notably, changed the prophecy of the virgin mother of Jesus from a virgin to a young woman (see Isaiah 7:14). This and other differences resulted from the RSV’s differing translation philosophy and differing textual basis. The catalyst for “King James Only” as a “movement” rose from the ashes of this conflict, and conflicts over other liberal Bible translations. The rhetoric of McIntire and others used against the RSV found a happy home in the “King James Only movement.”
Some booklets written by Carl McIntire include:
- The New Bible (Revised Standard Version): Why Christians Should Not Accept It
- Twentieth Century Attacks upon the Bible
- The New English Bible New Testament: What Modernism and Ecumenism do to the Word of God
- No, You Don’t ‘face-lift’ the Bible: the Reader’s Digest Bible
- The Non-sexist Bible of the National Council of Churches: the RSV with Sex Distinctions Modified
- Twelve Reasons Why the Bible is the Word of God
- The Bible Presbyterian Church