Preterism is a Christian eschatological view.[i] One definition of preterism is “a belief that interprets biblical prophecies as events which have already happened in the first century A.D. (as opposed to remaining to be fulfilled in the future).” The view roughly divides into partial preterism or full preterism. Effectively, most or all prophecies of the Bible become history instead. In eschatological terms, preterism is the opposite of futurism. Preterism means past in fulfillment, and futurism means future in fulfillment.[ii]
[i] Eschatology is any system of doctrines or branch of theology concerning last, or final, matters, such as death, resurrection, judgment, the afterlife, etc.
[ii] The English term preterism comes from the Latin word praeter. Praeter is a prefix meaning “past.” Those who hold the belief of preterism are known as preterists.